by David Courtney working tools

Ragmala Painting of Rag (Ragaputra) Bilawal (Kangra, Pahadi - circa A.D. 1790)
Ragmala Painting of Rag (Ragaputra) Bilawal (Kangra, Pahadi - circa A.D. 1790)


Rag Bilawal is the most basic rag in Bilawal that.  Indeed, the name of the that is derived from this rag.  Interestingly enough, this rag has been declining in popularity over the years.  This rag is sometimes referred to as Shuddha Bilawal to distinguish it from the more popular Alhiya Bilawal.

Bilawal is considerd by most to be Sampurna - Sampurna.  However, some are of the opinion that it should be considered Shadav - Sampurna due to the weakness of its Ga in the arohana.

The vadi / samavadi theory is generally discounted by modern musicologists, but for those who are inclined to follow this, it has been suggested that the vadi and samavadi are Dha and Re respectively.


Ascending structure for Bilawal
(general discussion of arohana) - (general discussion of notation)


Descending structure of Bilawal
(general discussion of avarohana)


Sampurna - Sampurna - (general discussion of jati)


Morning - (general discussion of time and rag)


Bilawal that - (general discussion of that)


Sa - Pa - (general discussion of drone)


For more information check out "Elementary North Indian Vocal"



Selected Video



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For comments, corrections, and suggestions, kindly contact David Courtney at david@chandrakantha.com