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SARANGI: AN OVERVIEW

by David Courtney working tools


Sarangi

Part 1 - Sarangi: An Overview - This Page
Part 2 - Parts of Sarangi
Part 3 - Tuning the Sarangi
Part 4 - Fingering the Sarangi

Sarangi is a common representative of vitat class of musical instruments.  It has three to four main playing strings and a number of sympathetic strings.  The instrument has no frets or fingerboard; the strings float in the air.  Pitch is determined by sliding the fingernail against the string rather than pressing it against a fingerboard (like violin).  This instrument is extremely difficult to play, as a consequence its popularity is on the decline.  This instrument has traditionally been associated with the kathak dance and the vocal styles of thumri, dadra and kheyal.  It was also greatly associated with an Indian version of the geisha tradition, known as the tawaif.

 

Definition

The origin of the term "sarangi" is not exactly clear.  The most quoted etymology of the word says that means "a hundred (sau) colours (rang)".  The reference to the multiplicity of colours is often said to refer to the richness of the sound of the instrument.  However it should be mentioned that this etymology is not universally accepted.  Some suggest that it is derived from the Sanskrit word "Sarang" which is a spotted deer; this last etymology seems somewhat doubtful.  All of this may be interesting, but what about the instrument itself?

The exact definition of the term "Sarangi", is somewhat flexible.  In its most general form, it refers to any unfretted, bowed Indian instrument, which has a bridge resting on skin or some other membrane.  This term may be acceptable to the lay public, but for practising musicians as well as scholars, this term is unacceptably broad.  The general use of the term encompass instruments such as the saringda, chikara, and the kamancha.  For these web pages, we will use a more restrictive definition of the term.  Therefore in these pages, we will be referring to the more boxlike members of this class, while the other members will be discussed in their respective pages.

Part 1 - Sarangi: An Overview
Part 2 - Parts of Sarangi - Next Page
Part 3 - Tuning the Sarangi
Part 4 - Fingering the Sarangi



 

Selected Video

Madhukauns Sarangi Recital - Pt 1

 

Madhukauns Sarangi Recital - Pt 2

 

Madhukauns Sarangi Recital - Pt 3

 

Madhukauns Sarangi Recital - Pt 4

 

Madhukauns Sarangi Recital - Pt 5

 

Pt Anant Kunte - Sarangi

 

kamal sabri world music video album Sarangi

 

Sarangi Vs Sarangi

 

Gouri banerjee playing raag Madhubanti in Sarangi

 

Sarangi Samrat Ustad Sabri Khan Saheb

 

Raag Megh - Sarangi Zohaib Hassan

 

Sarangi Samrat Ustad Sabri Khan Saheb

 

Sarangi in Delhi - Nasir Khan

 

Sarangi Virasat (legacy) Concert by the Sabri Family

 

Sarangi in Delhi - Nasir Khan

 

Saurang Festival New Delhi 2004

 

Ram Narayan sarangi master at Shira Arts Festival

 

Khartaal, Sarangi and Dhoalk (Rhythm of Rajasthan) (This is a good example of the folk sarangi)

 

Kamal Sabri interview on Indian Television prt-1

 

Kamal Sabri Interview on Indian Television prt-2

 

Kamal Sabri Interview Indian Television prt-3

 

Saurang Festival New Delhi 2004

 

Sarangi Rag Jog - Alap Part 2

 

Sarangi, Raga Jog - Finale

 

FAROOQUE LATIF & SARWAR HUSSAIN

 

Sarangi Nepali Folktunes

 

Part 1 - Sarangi: An Overview - This Page
Part 2 - Parts of Sarangi - Next Page
Part 3 - Tuning the Sarangi
Part 4 - Fingering the Sarangi

 

 

This page last updated

© 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 David and Chandrakantha Courtney

For comments, corrections, and suggestions, kindly contact David Courtney at david@chandrakantha.com