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DHRUPAD

ANCIENT NORTH INDIAN CLASSICAL VOCAL

by David Courtney working tools


Dhrupad singer with tanpura

Dhrupad is perhaps the oldest style of classical singing in north Indian music today.  The heyday of this style was in the time of Tansen.  It is a very heavy, masculine style performed to the accompaniment of the pakhawaj (an ancient mridang).  It is known for its austere quality and strict adherence to the tal.  The moods of dhrupad may vary, but themes revolving around the victories of great kings and mythological stories are common.  Devotional themes are also very common.

The dhrupad usually adheres to a four-part structure of sthai, antara, abhog, and sanchari.  It is usually set to chautal of 12 beats, tivra of 7 beats, or sulfak of 10 beats.  Occasionally one hears matt of 9 beats, or farodast of 14 beats.  Its formal structure makes it a very difficult style to master.  Unfortunately, this rigidity has also made it very difficult for the average person to appreciate.  Today this style is almost extinct.

Dhrupad is also an instrumental form.  However as an instrumental form, it is a mere imitation of the vocal dhrupad

 

Instruments Used In Dhrupad

 

Other Indian Vocal Forms

 


 

Selected Video

Dhrupad - a film by Mani Kaul

 

Dhrupad: Raga Bageshri - Part 1 - Bahauddin Dagar

 

Dhrupad: Raga Bageshri - Part 2 - Bahauddin Dagar

 

Ustad H. Sayeeduddin DAGAR Râg Bhopali Part 1

 

Ustad H. Sayeeduddin DAGAR Râg Bhopali Part 2

 

Ustad H. Sayeeduddin DAGAR Râg Bhopali Part 3

 

Ustad H. Sayeeduddin DAGAR Râg Bhopali Part 4

 

Ustad H. Sayeeduddin DAGAR Râg Bhopali Part 5 Chautal

 

Ustad H. Sayeeduddin DAGAR Râg Bhopali Part 6 Chautal

 

 


 

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© 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 David and Chandrakantha Courtney

For comments, corrections, and suggestions, kindly contact David Courtney at david@chandrakantha.com