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Arohana and avarohana are the descriptions of how the rag moves.  The arohana, also called aroh or arohi, is the pattern in which a rag ascends the scale.  The avarohana, also called avaroh or avarohi, describes the way that the rag descends the scale.  Both the arohana and avarohana may use certain characteristic twists and turns.  Such prescribed twists are referred to as vakra.  Such twisted movements are a reflection of the pakad.  Furthermore, notes may have different levels of significance; notes may be strong or weak.


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